A short history of Lancia in South Africa

Posted in Lancia History

I promised the Italian Car fraternity in Texas to write a piece about the history of Lancia in SA. With a insurmountable mountain of work dragged in front of me
I really struggle to do this as much as I would want to. Hence I asked my son Litha to use ChatGPT to write the story. While not being particularly overjoyed with the advent of AI, if the thing can save me some work, so be it. So Litha asked ChatGPT to write a story about Lancia in SA, and what is the response of the smartest automated brain available ?

"Contact the representatives of Lancia in SA to get the required information."
So I think I scored an own goal as it puts the job right back on my desk.... so there I sit on a Sunday morning, its mothers day, and I will write some story now....

The history of Lancia is most peculiar, as in no other country outside Europe did the brand get that deeply entrenched. I had the privileged to meet many of the old people that lived during the advent of Lancia in SA, but sadly then dot want to put pen to paper or are  not available for comment anymore. 

I am a latecomer to the scene, as I arrive in SA in 1995 and can only report on what I picked up along the way.

Going back in time the earliest name is TAK, the "Transvaal Agricultural Koöperasie".

The owner Raimondo di Boyle  shared with Ferruccio Lamborghini  the idea of moving from tractors
to sports cars. So this has been a successful progression at least twice in history. During the epic Transafrica adventure ( http://transafrica.lancia.cc)

I eventually ended up with TAK motors. Having come all the way from the northern hemisphere, it was quite something running into a fully fledged Lancia dealership in Africa. http://album.lancia.cc/6118-1/TAK.jpg

Then the HPE was still a relatively common car. I have not seen any of them for ages.

The little  information available  about TAK is on this page  http://lancia.cc/history/tak.php

which also tells you about the Lancia car production in SA

The cars came down as CKD  ( complete knock down ) and were assembled in Natal. To comply with importation regulations they had to use a certain amount of local content, like batteries, tyres and most important trimming material. As a consequence, the interior is rather substandard compared with the Italian production.
The cars were still very costly, but then again, Apartheid South Africa had plenty of wealth to afford such luxuries.
The last cars to be assembled were the Beta coupes, in a unique SA blend, using basically the latest body trim with wrap around bumpers, but using the normal carburetor engine instead of the IE and VX units assembled in Italy.

When the Thema  came out, it was launched in SA  with fully equipped models, aircon being a standard feature. The 16V turbo was sold in considerable quantities. The cars were very popular, but the tight service schedules of 30 000km for the 16V engine did not go well with the tight Dutch financial schedules.... so many cars died from belt failure :(

In 1995 the came the end for TAK, for personal reasons and the fact the with the Dedra, the RHD production for Lancia had ended for good. This is of course not entirely true, as the Delta 3 and the Ypsilon 3 were both build as RHD though badged as a Chrysler when sold in the UK.

TAK did have a dealer network in the country that comprised stations in Durban and Cape Town. While little is known about the Durban side ( even though I met a man in Durban years back claims to have been a Lancia agent ), in Cape town we had a strong Lancia presence.

First there were Fredman Motors, which we tried to dig out from he fog of time, with some results so far: http://lancia.cc/history/fredmanmotors.php

They closed down after the owner died. The son of the bookkeeper only appeared here the other day, to tell us that his 95 year old mother is alive and well and ready to tell the tale.


The Viglietti brothers had been running a Ferrari workshop Woodstock, a suburb of Cape Town for a while. Eventually they purchased a large property in Roeland st.
When Fredman Motrs closed, the agency was taken over by Viglietti motors Viglietti motors who  were then the agents for Lancia and Ferrari.

When TAK closed down, a historic effort was made, and 12 containers with Lancia and Ferrari parts were shipped down from Johannesburg to Cape Town.
By then Viglietti rebuild their premised in Roeland street, featuring a large showroom and a massive parking garage.
I still remember the room the size of a football field stacked with brand-new parts. The only time I saw something alike was when we visited the store of the late Tom Sheehan in Pennsylvania before it went down the drain :(

We are working on restoring their old website. It will be published in near future under http://viglietti.lancia.co.za

At the time the Lancia Ersatzteilservice has made the move from Germany to Cape Town in 1996
http://lancia.cc/history/anniversary.php?s_nav=history

http://album.lancia.cc/main.php?g2_itemId=4250

http://data.lancia.cc/pdf/Classic-Car.pdf


The move was epic to say the least, but this is another story....

It was a matter of being at the right place at the right time, or should I say of being lucky once.  And the foresight and generosity of the then CEO Gabriele Viglietti.
Viglietti motors was mainly interested in the Ferrari parts, the Lancia parts were a bycatch, though a rather large one. So that opened an opportunity. We brokered a sale of most body panels to Gruppo Ricambi Bielstein,  the leading FIAT/Lancia wholesalers in Europe. In rust prone Europe those body panels were very valuable. A large chunk of of Appia and Flavia parts were via Bielstein sold to the US, but we don't have any info who the recipients were.  I remember 2-3 containers being packed and moved to Germany.
By then we purchased our building in 3 Plein st. Woodstock to make more space for more parts.

http://album.furtak.info/home/renovations/general/


we now had space to fetch everything from by now rat-infested remote locations:
http://album.furtak.info/home/renovations/general/


for a few years Viglietti used the Lancia stock for the servicing of vehicle, but one day they received an offer to rent out the storage space to  a tenant who promised a much higher revenue then the parts could ever generate. I remember how I go the call, to EVACUATE NOW.  With a small Nissan 1100 bakkie and endless loads, tonnes of material were moved. Luckily the original stock database of TAK was preserved, so the parts came with an inventory. Now started the long work of checking thousands of parts against the inventory list. 
To date we are selling from this stock and the shelves are still full, so it has been an eternal blessing to us...

But now let us go back to the non-commercial players:

The late Peter Immelman was the face of Lancia in Cape Town. He started early in his marriage with an Appia Saloon. ( I only see the pun when I proof read it, but I just leave it ) Being young and racey, he was naturally unimpressed with the engine performances and approached the factory in Italy with a request for more power.  The response came via return post: "If you want a sports car, buy a sport scar". So that was that. The original letter sadly disappeared. Peter and his family moved to Ireland, propelled by  a Flavia Saloon.
Eventually they moved back to the Cape bring with them the marvel of thin film plastic bags, who are now dispersing across our windy shores in the millions.
Peter ran a plastic factory in Ndabeni, and had his own private Lancia workshop cum mechanic in the back. From here he did house the events of the Cape Lancia Club.  There were many cars around at the time.
http://lancia.org.za/news/14-lancia-history/14-down-memory-lane

Peter was a very lovable character, his passion for lancia going to the extremes. He is known to have lost a Flavia engine as he was not prepared to spend the money to top up the oil. On the other hand he did spend fortunes to have the armatures of his lambda rebuild in the UK.
Him and his charming wife Christine were very generous hosts, and hosted many braiis in their home in Rondebosch for the Lancia fraternity.
Very sadly, Peters two sons did not share his enthusiasm for the brand, so after his passing, the cars were flogged off to the highest bidder. In another "right time right place" moment, a Cape Townian Entrepreneur took over the tools and the extensive spare parts collection, and started the Lancia stable, in a barn he rented in Tokai. Now the Club had a home again.  for a while, the bonfire was burning until all of Peters goodies were sold and then the rent was defaulted.
The end of the Lancia stable was a rather sad mess.
http://lancia.org.za/news/16-the-end-of-the-lancia-stable

The Cape Lancia Club was then revived in a new from and a new website was generated.
 
At the time we were busy building our showroom, and really wanted to have a upmarket Lancia that showcases the values of the marquee. But then, my favorites, Flaminia and Aurelia were just impossible to get. ( Even though I missed an opportunity to get a Flaminia Touring convertible for next to nothing 15 years ago )
So what was the most unpopular and most unloved and undervalued Lancia on the market ? Bingo, of course, the Lancia Thesis. Which sane person would want car with 55 electronic modules connected with a CAN bus- The fist of its kind in an Italian vehicle ( for interests sake, I was working on serial communications in motor cars in the 80ies myself but never took it further )
We managed to find a V6 in Germany for € 1400,-  Never in my live have a bought more car for less money. To organize shipping from east Germany to South Africa was a bit of a challenge. But once it reached Durban Harbor, we had another challenge. The south African authorities refuse the import permit, as the car was not officially listed as a Classic Car. This is something where the lancia lover has a blind spot. It will be inconceivealbe to him that a Lancia could NOT be a classic car.
As the vehicle was only 19 years old even the Italians refused to give it classic car status.
We were faced with the prospect to have the car confiscated by customs and shredded. No joke.... they actually do that to discourage people form illegal imports.
After a length discussion with the official in charge, he suggested that it may be possible to have the vehicle here for exhibition purposes in a museum.
so now and only now was the idea of the Cape Lancia Museum born.
We found 2 more directors and stated the Museum as a NPO and a registered Museum.
After a year of bureaucratic nightmares, we now have a Museum with a Lancia Thesis, which is not allowed to drive anywhere :(
 
Here I have made photos of the Thesis together with my Zagato which I bought as my 23rd birthday present.
 
 
Overall there is quite a selection of cars on show:
 
 
The museum holds vast amounts of Lancia material. We are urgently look for a curator that can go through it all, as I have totally lost track, since some materiel got damaged in a recent flood. Once scanned, material will hopefully be available online.
 

 

On the other end of the country we do have Tony Seiler, a Swiss engineer with an long-lasting love for the Lancia brand. He chaired the Lancia Club SA for many years and after retiring form his teaching post, he dedicated his life to Lancia Restorations. Sadly his children likewise did not inherit his passion, so we can say that the love for Lancia is not hereditary. One day he will have to down tools and we really don't know who will replace him,

Now going back to the corporate world:

After TAK packed up, the Lancia dealership shortly went to Fausto and Vicky Carello ( from he famous headlight family ), but that did not work out,
and Fausto took his dealership code with him into retirement.
But now Stellantis set up office in South Africa in 2022  and will cater for all the brands in its fold including Lancia. This leaves the future of FIAT SA which has always been an independent company in the balance.
Once the new electric Lancia models arrive, they may eventually be offered to the SA market. This wont be much of a logistical overhead as all the brands will be based on he same electric platform.
The brand has recently enjoyed un unprecedented popularity, with prices soaring, especially for the Fulvia coupe. Unfortunately the quality of the cars on offer is very poor, which we discover every day in the workshop.

So now ChatGPT should read that and learn something :)

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